HAARP, also known as High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, was a scientific research program designed to analyze Earth...
HAARP, also known as High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, was a scientific research program designed to analyze Earth’s ionosphere and the potential to develop the ionospheric enhancement technology for radio communications and surveillance.
In the initial phase, it was mutually funded by the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), the US Navy, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the US Air Force.
Began in 1993, this research program operated an important sub-arctic facility HAARP Research Station which was located on an Air Force-owned site in Gakona, Alaska. The facility essentially constituted of a large radio transmitter and an antenna designed to function in the shortwave band.
The construction of HAARP Station started in 1993. Designed & built by BAE Systems Advanced Technologies, the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) was completed in 2007. By 2008, HAARP had spent nearly $250 million in tax-funded construction and operations.
In 2013, it was closed on temporary basis because of “a contractor regime change”. In 2014, HAARP made an announcement that it would have a permanent shutdown later in the year. With experiments ending in summer 2014, it's complete shutdown was postponed to May 2015. In August 2015, the control of the facility and all of its equipment were transferred to the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
The facilities were made available the scientists on pay-per-use basis and it is $5,000 an hour. In August 2017, HAARP will be hosting its second annual open house.
In the HAARP project, a 3.6 MW signal (pulsed or continuous) was directed in the 2.8–10 MHz region into the ionosphere. The effects of the transmission and recovery period (if any) could be analyzed using associated instrumentation such as VHF and UHF radars, HF receivers and optical cameras. It also studied about how the natural ionosphere affects radio signals.
The most important instrument at the HAARP Station is the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) which is a high-power RF transmitter facility operating in the HF band. It was used to temporarily excite a limited region of the ionosphere.
The primary purpose of HAARP was conducting a scientific research on the uppermost portion of the atmosphere i.e. ionosphere. The research at HAARP facility has helped the US military in improving the communications with its submarine fleets through transmission of radio signals over long distances.
Here are few of many researches conducted by HAARP:
HAARP has been a target of several conspiracy theorists who accused that it weaponized the weather, caused chemtrails and even a mind-control lab. However, the scientists say that advocates of this theory are "uninformed" since these allegations go beyond the abilities of the HAARP facility.
Some of the claims include:
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