By creating the sculptures of media stars and other mass objects the pop art movement target to exhibit the boundaries between low and high art culture.
‘Pop Art’ is a popular pop art movement that was discovered in the US and Britain during the late 1950’s. The movement was introduced by the British curator Lawrence Alloway in 1955. The Pop Art Movement represents the traditions of fine art by adding imagery from comic books, advertising, and other mass culture objects. One of the main targets of using images of culture in art is to emphasize the elements of culture and most often through ironic statements.
In Pop art movement, materials used are visually removed from the original context and is replaced or combined with other material. Pop Art included different styles of sculpture from countries but shared a common theme that is a large interest in mass production and mass media.
Have you ever wondered where all these pop art movements started from? It was all started with the New York artists James Rosenquist, Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg and others, all of them were the part of an international phenomenon. Going with the popularity of the Abstract Expressionists, the reintroduction of the images from the popular culture was the important shift in the direction of modernism.
Founded in 1952, The Independent Group is first to be the part of a Pop art movement. Members included in the group were young painters, writers, sculptors and critics who openly discussed the topics such as the importance of mass culture in fine art, science and technology and found object etc. While the Independent Group was doubtful about their commercial character, they were eager about the pop culture growth in future years. (8.1)
Though the pop art movement was discovered in 1950, in the United States it was given its momentum in 1960. The term was officially discovered in December 1962. It was the occasion of ‘Symposium on Pop Art’ hosted by the Museum of Modern Art. By the 1950’s American has already adopted many modulations of modern art and applied it at very sophisticated level.
To this time, Jasper Johns was struggling through conventions with the paintings that added references to ‘things the mind already knows’. In addition, Robert Rauschenberg’s incorporated found objects and other images with more old and classic materials like oil paint. The two artists along with others joined in the movement referred as Neo-Dada. Later, the artists like Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol followed the footsteps of Neo-Dadaists. (8.2)
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