According to Bible, Mary Magdalene was a female disciple of Jesus who was one of the witnesses of Jesus’ crucifixion, resurre...
According to Bible, Mary Magdalene was a female disciple of Jesus who was one of the witnesses of Jesus’ crucifixion, resurrection, and his empty tomb. She is also known as Mary of Magdala or Mary the Magdalene. She finds mention in the four Gospels of bible nearly twelve times, far more than many disciples.
The third and second longest gospel in bible ‘Gospel of Luke’ [Luke 8:2] says that seven demons had gone out of her. And as per Mark 16 [Mk. 16:9](last chapter in Gospel of Mark in New Testament of Bible), Jesus cast the seven demons out of her. Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and Eastern Orthodox churches consider her to be a saint having July 22 as her feast day. The other protestant churches consider her to be the heroine of faith. Also, the Eastern Orthodox churches honor her on Myrrhbearers’ Sunday.
At the time of Jesus’ crucifixion (As mentioned in Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40, John 19:25)
Mary Magdalene is said to have been one of the prominent followers who was present during the three important events: the crucifixion of Jesus, his entombment, and when his Empty Tomb was discovered. Matthew 27:56, John 19:25 and Mark 15:40 mentions her name along with other women who witnessed the crucifixion.
However, Luke 23:49 doesn’t mention her name specifically or any other witness’ names but rather mentions “women who had followed him from Galilee” standing at a distance.
Post- crucifixion (As mentioned in Matthew 27:61, Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:1)
Mark 15:47 and Matthew 15:47 mentions Mary Magdalene and ‘the other Mary’ as witnesses when Joseph of Arimathea buried Jesus. According to Gospel of Mark, the other Mary is the mother of James.
In Luke 23:55, the witnesses are described as “the women who had come with Jesus from Galilee.” John 19:39 mentions that there was no witness other than Nicodemus to Jesus’ burial by Joseph.
Mark 16:1 says,
“.......Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus’ body.”
At the time of Jesus’ resurrection (As mentioned in Matthew 28:1–8, Mark 16:9–10, Luke 24:10, John 20:18)
Mary Magdalene was there even two days later at the resurrection of Jesus, which happened the day after the sabbath. The four Gospels [Matthew 28:1], [Mark 16:9],[Luke 24:10],[John 20:18] say that she was the first (alone or along with a group of women) to testify Jesus’ resurrection. [Mark 16:9] and [John 20] specifically mention her name as the first one to witness the resurrection.
Video credits: Vijaya Satyanand Kondeti
Post-resurrection (As mentioned in Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:9, Luke 24, John 20:1)
Gospel of John 20:1 describes Mary Magdalene to be the one who discovered Empty tomb. Mark 16: 9 says Salome and Mary the mother of James were also present, whereas Matthew 28:1 excludes Salome. Luke 24:10 says that Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others told the apostles about the discovery of the Empty tomb.
Both John 20:16 and Mark 16:9 mentions that Jesus' first appearance after the resurrection was only to Mary Magdalene and no other. Matthew 28:9 says she is accompanied by other women while returning from the empty tomb after seeing Jesus’ first appearance.
Luke mentions that the first appearance by Jesus was actually made later that day when an unnamed apostle and Cleopas walked with a fellow traveler (who was later recognized as Jesus). This same appearance was described in Mark after an individual appearance made to Mary Magdalene.
According to Luke and Mark, "the apostles" and "those who had been with him" respectively were not convinced what she witnessed. Paul’s catalog of appearances at 1 Cor 15:5–8 doesn’t mention Mary Magdalene or any of the women’s name but says, "he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve".
Gospel of John[11:1–45] [12:1–8] and Luke[10:38–42] mention "Mary of Bethany" who is the sister of Lazarus and Martha. Both these Gospels ‘John’ & ‘Luke’ describe them as Jesus’ friends.
Other than Gospels, Mary Magdalene doesn’t find mention in any other book of the New Testament.
While her name is among the women mentioned in Acts 1:14, she isn’t mentioned in the Pauline epistles or the other epistles.
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