Vikings in the Norse mythology were seafaring raiders and traders of Northern European lands who were absolute pagans and influenced surrounding societies and lands during 8th and 11th centuries.
It was several centuries back when the warriors and warlords of agrarian pagan Scandinavia began their journey from their Northern European native lands as explorers, traders, settlers, conquerors and raiders. These seafarers made such an unforgettable influence on the neighboring lands during 8th and 11th centuries that the period in history was named after them as Viking Age.
The historians records that the very first major Viking raid took place in 793, destroying the abbey on the Lindisfarne island, England. And this went on until the last major Viking Battle (Battle of Stamford Bridge) in 1066. The old Norse-speaking Vikings worshipped many gods and Norse myths are the stories about their gods, monsters and giants.
Let’s get to know about the viking religions and beliefs here.
According to the Vikings’ beliefs, many different gods inhabited a place or sky world called Asgard. Every god was responsible for a different thing like war, travel or home. These gods were not perfect and possessed human qualities and weaknesses like jealousy and greed.
The ruler of the gods ‘Odin’ was the god of magic, war and poetry. Frigg was his wife and kind, gentle Balder was his son. Riding on an eight-legged magical horse Sleipnir, he represented courage and wisdom.
One of the great heroes in Viking mythology, Thor is the god of thunder who carried a mighty silver hammer, magic belt and hammer. Riding through sky in a spectacular chariot, he helped the poor. He was also the god of sky, storm, fertility and the law. In a myth, Thor strives to prove his strength to the Giant King by trying to lift a giant cat. He was able to lift only one of its paws.
A strange and mischievous creature Loki was a trickster god who was responsible for Balder’s death. Part-god and part-devil, Loki is called the ‘wizard of lies’
When the goddess of love and fertility Freyja was unhappy, she could weep golden tears. She had a twin brother named Freyr. Their holy animal was boar. A warrior goddess, Freyja made sure that sun shone, rain fell and crops grew.
Vikings held a belief that a warrior who got killed in a battle went to Valhalla. Valhalla was a magnificent hall where the heroes took the feast on long tables. The warrior maidens Valkyries were sent by Odin for bringing dead warriors to Valhalla through the skies.
A dead Viking was cremated or buried along with some of their belongings. Some of the chiefs went through ship burials along with weapons, treasure and their favorite dogs and horses.
A lot of Viking stories tell how people lived in Midgard or Middle Earth with elves, dwarves and giants. A rainbow bridge linked Midgard and Asgard (sky world). Harmless, evil and nice, the Valkyries myths were full of magic and monsters. Monsters such as trolls, sea serpents, dragons and nissers and pesta were a part of Vikings tales.
It’s not known much in records as to where and how did the Vikings worship their old gods. They were believed to be in ‘magic trees’ and wooden temples. Some Vikings might have even killed captives as human sacrifices.
When the Vikings became Christians, the old pagan customs began to wane. Long before Vikings’ settlement in 900s, Britain had Christians. Soon Vikings also became Christians. The Viking leaders churches and built churches and placed painted stone crosses.
Being the pagans, Vikings held religious beliefs other than the main world religions. They were just like Pastafarians who worship noodles and interestingly enough, their god is a flying spaghetti monster.
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